stomatitis in cats

What is Stomatitis in Cats?

What is it?

Stomatitis is a painful and chronic inflammation of the oral mucosa in cats that affects the gums, tongue, and other soft tissues inside the mouth. It is a severe and often debilitating condition that can cause significant discomfort and difficulties with eating and grooming. The exact cause of stomatitis is unknown, but it is believed to be a complex disease with multiple contributing factors.

How is it Treated?

The treatment for stomatitis in cats depends on the severity of the condition and may include a combination of approaches, such as medication, dental care, and surgery. Corticosteroids and other anti-inflammatory medications are commonly used to reduce inflammation and pain in affected cats. More severe cases may require surgical removal of some or all of the affected teeth, known as a full-mouth extraction, which can provide long-term relief from symptoms.

Breed Predispositions

Siamese Himalayan Persian Abyssinian Devon Rex Oriental Shorthair Burmese Scottish Fold


It was a typical evening for Sarah, snuggling up on the couch with her furry companion, Luna, when she noticed something unusual. Luna seemed to be pawing at her mouth and drooling more than usual. Concerned about her feline friend’s wellbeing, Sarah scheduled a visit to the veterinarian. After a thorough examination, the vet diagnosed Luna with stomatitis, an inflammatory condition affecting a cat’s mouth. Suddenly faced with a myriad of questions and concerns, Sarah embarked on a mission to learn everything she could about stomatitis in cats.

Up to 10% of cats suffer from feline stomatitis, also known as feline chronic gingivostomatitis FCGS. This is often linked to periodontal disease in cats. Feline stomatitis is a painful inflammation in the mouth and gums. Bacterial or viral infections cause it. This disease causes lesions or ulcers on the gums, tongue, cheek, roof of the mouth, and inside of the oral cavity. These lesions are painful and cause irritation. They often bleed easily and may become infected. It can occur in both young and old animals.

The virus is spread through saliva, urine, and mucus secreted by infected cats. Infection occurs when the cat licks its face, nose, ears, eyes, genitals, anus, or any part of another cat’s body. However, it can also spread through indirect contacts, such as sharing food bowls or grooming equipment. Cats who share their homes with other animals are at higher risk of contracting this infection. The condition usually occurs when the cat eats something contaminated with the fungus. For example, this could happen if the cat eats dry food from another animal or eats raw meat.

Causes of Stomatitis in Cats

In cats, the most common cause of stomatitis is chronic plaque or tartar buildup, allowing bacterial or fungal growth in the affected area. This makes it essential to ensure that your pet’s teeth are regularly cleaned and maintained by a veterinarian. While brushing your cat’s teeth daily at home helps remove some plaque buildup, professional cleaning may be necessary to prevent future problems.

Allergies and infections can also cause stomatitis in cats. Allergies happen when the cat’s body overreacts to certain substances such as food additives, medication or dust mites. Common symptoms include excessive licking of their fur or coat, swelling of the face, and skin lesions around their mouth area.

Infections such as feline herpes virus (FHV-1), Feline Calicivirus (FCV) or Panleukopenia (FPL) are all known contributors to causing stomatitis in cats. These viral infections can spread through contact with affected animals, contaminated surfaces or even through fleas carrying the virus on their bodies.

Causes of Stomatitis in Cats

Stress is another significant factor that can cause inflammation of the gums and mouth in cats. Animals who suffer from anxiety-related disorders like separation anxiety are especially prone to developing stomatitis due to changes in behavior from stressors like environmental changes or unfamiliar people visiting their home environment.

Lastly, autoimmune diseases can trigger stomatitis in felines due to dysfunction with the body’s immune system resulting in chronic inflammation throughout the body – but mainly focusing on areas around the mouth such as its gums and tongue, making them swollen and irritated, leading to uncomfortable chewing difficulties for your furry friend due to pain associated with every bite they take.

Symptoms of Feline Stomatitis

Many cats infected with FHV1 typically experience mild symptoms, including fever, loss of appetite, and lethargy. In addition, some cats develop ulcers in their mouths.

Cats who contract the virus typically recover within two weeks, although symptoms can linger for several months. Fortunately, the disease is sporadic; most cats exposed to the virus never develop signs of illness.

The most common clinical signs of stomatitis in cats include the following:

  • ulcers
  • swelling
  • excessive salivation
  • painful sores
  • increased thirst
  • bleeding gums
  • bad breath

Diagnosis of Stomatitis in Cats

There’s no specific test for diagnosing stomatitis in cats. Mainly, veterinarians should perform a thorough physical examination to determine whether your cat has feline stomatitis. Your vet will examine your cat’s teeth, gums, tongue, palate, throat, nose, ears, eyes, neck, abdomen, chest, heart, lungs, and spine. She will also test your cat’s blood for signs of infection.

She will also test your cat’s blood and saliva for signs of infection. She might order additional tests if she suspects your cat has an underlying health problem. For example, she might recommend x-rays or blood work.

Biopsies are often performed to rule out neoplasia, such as lymphoma or oral squamous cell carcinoma. Although a biopsy of oral cavity tissue may be required for a conclusive diagnosis, she notes, “you can determine that it’s gingivostomatitis in about 85 percent of cases just by looking into a cat’s mouth.” Other tests to evaluate stomatitis include blood work, urinalysis, fecal analysis, radiographs, and endoscopy.

Treatment for Stomatitis in Cats

Treatment for Stomatitis in Cats

Treatment of stomatitis depends on several factors, including the disease’s severity and a cat’s reaction to therapy. So, your veterinary dentist should be able to monitor your pet’s condition regularly. Please contact your veterinarian immediately if you notice anything unusual about your cat’s behavior or appearance. Also, it’s essential to discuss treatment plans with your vet.

When treating severe stomatitis, veterinarians usually recommend antibiotic therapy because these drugs are effective against many bacterial strains. However, corticosteroids and anesthetics should be considered when necessary.

Antibiotic therapy is typically recommended for mild cases of feline stomatitis. This type of treatment involves administering a single dose of antibiotic twice daily for five days.

Veterinarians often prescribe a second course of antibiotics after the initial treatment ends. This helps prevent the recurrence of the disease.

Corticosteroid therapy is appropriate for severe cases of feline stomatitis. These medications work quickly and effectively to relieve painful conditions, severe inflammation, and anti-inflammatory medication.

Recovery and Management for Stomatitis in Cats

Cats who eat dry food tend to have better outcomes after dental surgery. Dry food helps prevent postoperative complications such as vomiting and diarrhea. Some owners feed wet food during healing to keep their cats hydrated. However, wet food can cause problems because cats require extra chewing and swallowing.

Medications are available for cats that don’t like to eat soft foods to stimulate their appetite. These drugs include phenylpropanolamine (PPA), megestrol acetate, medetomidine, and dexmedetomidine. PPA stimulates the release of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of well-being. Megestrol acetate increases the production of growth hormones. Medetomidine suppresses pain signals and reduces anxiety. Finally, dexmedetomidine causes sedation without affecting breathing.

Once the gum tissue has healed, the teeth have been removed, and the cat can chew normally again, most cats are ready for regular meals. You can offer your small cat amounts of canned food every few hours. Make sure to give plenty of water throughout the day.

Prevention of Feline Dental Disease

Prevention Tips for Feline Stomatitis

  1. Feed your cat fresh soft food every day.
  2. Dental cleanings (Dental Care). Brush them at least once a week. If you notice any signs of infection, take your cat to the vet immediately.
  3. Make sure your cat gets plenty of exercise. Exercise helps keep their body strong and healthy.
  4. Don’t let your cat lick his lips excessively. This could lead to bacterial infections.
  5. Avoid giving your cat too many treats. Too much sugar can cause tooth decay.
  6. Keep your cat away from other animals. They may carry infectious diseases that could infect your cat.
  7. Be careful not to allow your cat to eat or drink anything he shouldn’t.
  8. Clean up any spills promptly.
  9. Consult your veterinarian before giving your human-cat medicine.
  10. Do not use household products such as bleach or ammonia near.

Frequently Asked Questions

The most common reason your cat might need its teeth removed is that they are infected. You should take your cat to the vet immediately if you notice any signs of infection, such as redness around the mouth, swollen gums, bad breath, excessive drooling, or pus from the gum line.

The best way to tell if your cat needs its teeth removed is to look at the teeth themselves. If there are deep grooves in the tooth enamel, this could mean that the tooth is decayed and needs to be extracted. However, the tooth doesn’t need to be removed if it looks healthy. Studies show that most cats that undergo partial or total tooth extraction procedures experience complete recovery from their dental disease.

The average lifespan of a cat varies depending on its breed, age, health status, living conditions, diet, and environment. Some breeds, such as Siamese, Burmese, and Sphynx, tend to live longer than others. In addition, cats fed commercial diets live shorter lives than those fed homemade diets. A healthy cat should live at least 12 years. However, if your cat suffers from any disease or illness, it might only live up to 10 years.

The treatment costs vary depending on the severity of the condition and whether you choose to use home remedies or seek professional help from your veterinarian. However, the average cost of treating feline stomatitis ranges from $50-$150 per visit.

The best treatment for stomatitis depends on its cause. You should contact your veterinarian immediately if your cat has been diagnosed with stomatitis. Your vet will likely recommend one of these treatments:

  • Antibiotics – This is usually recommended if your cat has been exposed to a virus or parasite.
  • Oral health products – Toothpaste, dental gel, and mouth rinse.
  • Steroid cream – This is used when there is severe irritation or infection.
  • Topical ointment – This is applied directly to the affected area.

If your cat has a bacterial infection, your vet will probably prescribe one of these antibiotics: amoxicillin (Amoxil), cephalexin (Keflex), enrofloxacin (Baytril), penicillin G benzathine (Bactrim), or trimethoprim sulfadiazine (TMS). You’ll give your cat this medicine every day for 1tendays. This treatment usually works well for bacterial infections. However, some worry that sharing their cat’s antibiotics could make them sick. But there’s no reason to worry. Giving your cat antibiotics won’t hurt him. Instead, it strengthens his body to fight off any infections he gets later.

Please call your vet immediately if your cat doesn’t get better after taking antibiotics. He may want to do blood tests to see if your cat has another problem besides a bacterial infection. Or he may want to take X-rays to check if your cat has swallowed something like a petal or bone.

The severity of stomatitis can vary enormously. Some cats may only experience a mild discomfort and refuse to eat or drink, while others may develop a degree of dehydration and severe infection. If left untreated, some cases of stomatitis can lead to death from malnutrition or sepsis.

The bacteria that causes stomatitis in cats can spread through contact with an infected cat’s saliva, blood, or bodily fluids.

If your cat has stomatitis, providing them with plenty of fresh water and a high-quality diet is the best way to help. Administering antibiotics may also be necessary if the inflammation of the mouth does not improve after several days. If the cost or availability prohibits antibiotic treatment, oral flea control products can offer some relief from Fleas.

Stomatitis can resolve on its own if the cause is identified and treated. However, stomatitis does not improve with treatment; the veterinarian may need to thoroughly examine the mouth and throat to determine the source of the infection.

Different cats will have various symptoms, and a variety of things other than stomatitis can cause diarrhea. However, if your cat has recurrent episodes of watery diarrhea, appears uncomfortable or unable to keep fluids down, and does not respond well to antibiotics, it may be worth looking into the possibility that stomatitis is causing the problem.

Stomatitis in cats may be misdiagnosed as other conditions. Possible misdiagnoses include feline infectious peritonitis, dental disease, food allergy, and external parasites. Additional testing may be necessary to determine the correct diagnosis.

Most cats experience mild to moderate pain when their stomatitis is treated with antibiotics. Some may have a few days of discomfort, while others may have continued discomfort for weeks or even months after the infection has been cured.

Stomatitis is a gum disease in cats, and there is no definitive cause. However, some factors that may increase the likelihood of stomatitis include stress, poor oral hygiene (including lack of tooth brushing or flossing), obesity, diabetes mellitus, and other medical conditions affecting the mouth or digestive system.

No, stomatitis in cats is not infectious to humans. However, if your cat has severe stomatitis, you may want to consult a veterinarian, who may prescribe antibiotics for the pet.

There is no known genetic factor that predisposes cats to develop stomatitis. However, environmental factors may play a role in the development of this condition.

No definitive connection has been found between stomatitis in cats and cancer. However, some forms of stomatitis may increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer in cats. More research is needed to confirm this link.

Stomatitis might cause vomiting in cats. Some factors that could contribute to this include inflammation of the gums and infection of the mouth or throat, which can lead to nausea and vomiting. Additionally, a cat’s response to the sickness may also cause them to vomit – for example, if they are very ill or have a high fever. Therefore, if your cat seems sick and has been throwing up intermittently, you should take them to a veterinarian for an evaluation.

The effect that steroids have on stomatitis in cats is currently unknown. Some pet owners may opt to give their cats steroids if they believe that the condition is caused by a virus, while others may choose not to use any treatments and allow the cat’s symptoms to resolve naturally.

The prognosis for stomatitis varies depending on the severity of the infection and the underlying medical conditions. In general, however, most patients with mild to moderate cases will experience complete resolution of their symptoms within a few weeks. More severe cases may require extended treatment or additional interventions such as antibiotics.

Nutrition is a key part of managing stomatitis in cats. A diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates will help maintain the health of the mouth and teeth. Cats should also have access to fresh water, as drinkable water helps reduce oral bacteria growth.

Feline dental disease, periodontal disease, is a severe problem affecting cats’ teeth. The plaque that builds up on the teeth can become infected and cause pain and infection in the tooth or jawbone. Dental Disease Foundation estimates that nearly 50 percent of all cats over age three are affected by some form of dental disease.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this veterinary website is intended for general educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for professional veterinary advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always consult a licensed veterinarian for any concerns or questions regarding the health and well-being of your pet. This website does not claim to cover every possible situation or provide exhaustive knowledge on the subjects presented. The owners and contributors of this website are not responsible for any harm or loss that may result from the use or misuse of the information provided herein.

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